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Andrew Owen

GREGG SHORTHAND: A Light-line Phonography for the Millions

Anniversary Edition

Index

A-B-C-D-E-F-G-H-I-J-L-M-N-O-P-R-S-T-U-V-W-Y

A
Paragraph
Unit
Abbreviating principle 23 2
     illustration of 192 25
     not employed 192 25
     outline based on longhand abbreviations 195 25
     outline written through,    
           accented syllable 196 25
           consonant following accented    
                 syllable 198 26
     short words 193 25
Affix (see Suffix)    
After, of as prefix 42 4
Alphabet    
     initials 233, 234 33
Alter-, root form same through pronunciation changes 183 23
Angles (see Circles)    
B
   
Barrels, expressed by br 204 27
Billion, expressed by b 204 27
Blends (see also Curves, combinations),    
     def, tive 140 17
     in phrases (see Phrasing)    
     jent, pent 140 17
     length of nt, mt, governed by n or m 134 16
     ld 136 16
     men, mem 27 3
     mt, md 133 16
     -nment 227 31
     not used because of inserting vowel 155 19
     nt, nd 133 16
     ses 52 5
          modified 52 5
     -tain expressed by ten 155 19
     ted, ded, det 26 3
     ten, den 153 19
     ten used in preference to ent 156 19
     tem, dem 153 19
     tern, dern 166 20
     xes 57 6
Brief Forms 2
23
29
34
41
53
60
69
75
88
95
102
109
115
122
130
138
143
150
1
2
3
4
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
     adding er, or 76 8
     as prefixes 42
61
4
6
     chart of    
     derivative drill 186 23
     past tense 59 6
     plurals (see S)    
Bushels, expressed by bsh 204 27
Business abbreviations 24
44
142
2
4
17
C
   
Canadian provinces and cities 244 35
Capitalization 5 1
Cents, expressed by s 206 27
Circles (see also Reversing principle; Vowels)    
   at beginning or end,    
          of single curve 11 1
          of single straight stroke 12 1
   between opposite curves 18 2
   between straight strokes in the same direction 17 2
   outside angles 14 2
   s joined to (see S)    
   similar curves joined without angle 15 2
   similar strokes and curves joined without angle 15 2
Cities    
   and states phrased 242 35
   Canadian 244 35
   terminations 241 35
   United States 239 34
Complimentary closings 24
44
142
2
4
17
Compound prefixes (see Prefixes)    
Compound suffixes (see Suffixes)    
Compound words 54
201
5
27
   irregular 203 27
Consonants,    
   combinations 36 4
     (see also Blends, Curves)    
   k, g, r, l, n, m, t, d, h, th 2 1
   ng, nk 105 12
   omission of (see Omission)    
   p, b, f, v, ch, j, sh, s 34 4
   x and xes 57 6
   z, distinguished from s 47 5
Contractions    
   don't 159 19
   n't 149 18
-ct and derivatives, t omitted 211 28
Curves (see also Blends)    
   circles joined to (see Circles)    
   combinations,    
          br and bl 38 4
          fr and fl 39 4
          gr and kl 20 2
          kr and gl 19 2
          pr and pl 37 4
          rk and lk 21 2
   s joined to (see S)    
Cwt., expressed by nw 204 27
D
   
D (see Insertion, consonants; Omission, consonants)    
Days of week 137 16
Dear Sir, etc. 24
44
142
2
4
17
Derivatives (see also Past tense; Prefixes; Suffixes)    
   alter-, root form same through pronunciation changes 183 23
   brief forms,    
          adding er, or 76 8
          drill 186 23
          past tense 59 6
   compounds,    
          after expressed by af in 42 4
          any, be, ever-y, here, there, where, -soever,
            some, with
201 27
          every expressed by ev in 42 4
          irregular 203 27
   -ct 211 28
   initial vowel not required in compound prefixes 129 15
   -ly    
          after final circle 82 9
          i with final 116 13
   negative forms of words beginning with un-, in-, im- 107 12
   plurals (see S)    
   verbs, present tense singular (see S)    
Diphthongs (see Vowels)    
Dollars, expressed by d

122
204

14
27
Don't 159 19
Dot,    
   a before w or h 100 11
   h; a, an 2 1
   indicating medium sound of vowel 8 1
   ing at end of words 3 1
   omission of 43 4
E
   
Euro, expressed by eu 204 27
Every, ev in compounds 42 4
F
   
Feet, expressed by f 204 27
Figures

122
204
205

14
27
27
Francs, expressed by fr 204 27
G
   
Gallons, expressed by g 204 27

H

   
Hooks,    
   o 65 7
          modified 67 7
   oo 91 10
          modified 94 10
          w, expressed by 97 11
Hundred, expressed by n 204 27
Hundredweight, expressed by nw 204 27
I
   
I (see Vowel, diphthongs)    
Ing, expressed by dot at end of words 3 1
Initials,    
   longhand 234 33
   shorthand 233 33
Insertion,    
   consonants    
          d 179 23
          m or n,    
               in com or con followed by vowel or r or l 81 9
               in comm or conn 81 9
          t 176 22
   vowels,    
          de before k, g 146 18
          instead of using blend 155 19
          pro before upward character or k 128 15
          re except before downward characters 147 18
Intersection 235 33
J
   
Jog,    
   indicating omitted vowel 125 15
   omitted in -nment 227 31
Joinings (see Circles; Hooks; Jog; Reversing principle;
     Th; S)
   
L
   
Ld 136 16
Left motion (see Writing motion)    
Line of writing 48 5
-ly,    
   after final circle 82 9
   after final i 116 13
M
   
Million, expressed by m 204 27
Money (see Figures)    
Months 137 16
moun 125 15
N
   
Negative forms, words beginning with un-, in-, im- 107 12
   ng, nk 105 12
   -nment 227 15
Numerals (see Figures)    
O
   
O-Hook (see Hooks)    

O'clock, expressed by o

204 27
Omission,    
   consonants (see also Insertion, consonants)    
          d,    
               immediately preceding m or v 180 23
               when slightly enunciated 178 23
          in phrasing (see Phrasing)    
          r (see also Reversing Principle)    
               in ar, er, or, ir 165 20
          t,    
               after k, p, den 175 22
               after s 174 22
               -ct, and derivatives 211 28
          -tern, -dern expressed by ten 166 20
          -ther expressed by th 168 20
          worth expressed by ŭth 167 20
          -worthy expressed thĭ 167 20
   vowels (see also Insertion, Vowels)    
          a in admire, advise, advice, advance 181 23
          avoid, assist, energy 246 36
          baggage distinguished from package 170 21
          circle, from diphthong u 121 14
          ĕ, ĭ before nt, mt blends 134 16
          in phrasing (see Phrasing)    
          in -tition, etc. 199 26
          indicated by jog between horizontal straight
               strokes
125 15
          initial, in compound prefixes 129 15
          minor of two consecutive 121 14
          obscure or neutral 16 2
          -sume 126 15
          -tain 155 19
          ŭ and ow before n and m 124 15
          ŭ before straight downstrokes 124 15
   words (see Phrasing)    
OO-Hook (see Hooks)    
-or, expressed by reversed circle 72
76
8
8
P    
Past tense 59 6
182 23
   -ct 211 28
   ld 136 16
Per cent, expressed by s 206 27
Per cent per annum, expressed by sn 206 27
Phrasing 4 1
   able, after b or been, expressed by a 86 9
   admire, advise, advice, advance 181 23
   as, when repeated, expressed by s 85 9
   been after have, has, had 43 4
   blended phrases 157 19
          do not following pronoun 158 19
                 don't distinguished from 159 19
          done expressed by den 220 30
          not following was, is 149 18
                 contraction n't 149 18
   chart of    
   cities and states 242 35
   complimentary closings and salutations 24 2
44 4
142 17
   department expressed by d disjoined 223 30
   general principles 30 3
   had following a pronoun 148 18
   in figures 204 27
205 27
   intersection 235 33
   long phrases, acquiring facility in writing 189 24
   misunderstand, misunderstood 218 30
   not,    
          do not following pronoun 158 19
                 don't distinguished from 159 19
          following was, is 149 18
                 contraction n't 149 18
   omission, unimportant words 189 24
   prefixal phrases 219 30
   special phrase forms 224 30
   state of, joined 243 35
   than, expressed by n 221 30
   they, sometimes expressed by th 23 2
   to, expressed by t, before downstroke 32 3
62 6
84 9
          before o, r, l 84 9
   understand, understood 218 30
   us expressed by s 222 30
   word modification, ago, early, few, him, hope, sorry,
          want, sure, possible
171 21
Plurals (see S)    
Pounds, expressed by p 204 27
Prefixes,    
   after expressed by af 42 4
   agr-, ant-, decl-, incl-, magn-, Mc-, multi-, over-,           para-, post-, recl-, self-, circu-, circum-,
        grand-, short-, ship-, super-, susp-, suscep-,
        trans-, under-
214 29
   be-, de-, re-, dis-, mis-, 145 18
     de before k, g 146 18
     re before a downward character 147 18
   brief forms as 42
61
4
6
   con-, com-, coun-, cog-, expressed by k 80 9
       comm, conn 81 9
       con, com followed by vowel or by r or l 81 9
   derivatives,    
       compound disjoined 212
216
28
29
          initial vowel not required 129 15
       compound joined 129 15
          initial vowel not required 129 15
   en-, in-, un-; em-, im-; ex- 106 12
   for-, fore-, fur- 170 21
       angle before r or l 170 21
       disjoined before vowel 170 21
   negative forms of words beginning with un-, in-, im- 107 12
   over-, also brief form 41 4
   per, pro, pur 127 15
       o inserted before upward character or k 128 15
   tr group—centr-, contr-, constr-, detr-, distr-,
        electr-, extr-, intr-, intel-, instr-, retr-, restr-
209 28
   ul-, al-, sub- 183 23
       alter, root form same though pronunciation
        changes
183 23
   sub-,    
       disjoined before circle 185 23
       followed by r, l, ch, j or a hook 184 23
   under-, also brief form 53 5
   used as words 219 30
Provinces, Canadian 244 35
Punctuation 5 1
R
   
R,    
   omission (see Omission, consonants)    
   reversing principle (see Reversing principle)    
Reading and Dictation Practice (see final paragraph of    each unit)    
Reversing principle,    
   adding er, or to brief form after straight stroke 76 8
   before and after straight strokes 71 8
   between downward character and forward straight        stroke 161 20
   between horizontal and upward stroke 163 20
   between straight strokes in same direction 71 8
   circle for vowel sound in ur 72 8
   circle placed above next stroke following p, b 161 20
   -ly after final reversed circle 82 9
   s,    
       added to final reversed circle 74 8
       in ser, sar 164 20
   th in ther, thir 164 20
Right motion (see Writing motion)    
S
   
S 34
46
4
5
   added to final reversed circle 74 8
   -city 230 32
   combination us 93 10
   distinguished from z 47 5
   in phrases (see Phrasing)    
   -ings, disjoined 106 12
   initial, followed by consonant 48 5
   joinings,    
       between strokes, before or after circles 51 5
       between strokes, without a circle 51 5
       initial and final,    
           before and after p, b, r, l; after t, d, n, m, o;
              all other cases
49 5
           intervening circle does not change motion 49 5
   modified for x 57 6
   plurals,    
       added to final reversed circle 74 8
       brief forms 55 5
           ending in circle 83 9
           ending in s 55 5
       final loop 83 9
   reversed before straight line in ser, sar 164 20
   self-, circu-, circum-, 214 29
   -self joined 170 21
   ses 52 5
       modified 52 5
   sub-,    
       disjoined 185 23
       joined 183 23
       written contrary to rule 184 23
   sw and a circle 99 11
   used with figures 206 27
   xes 57 6
Salutations 24
44
142
2
4
17
States and territories 238 34
   cities and, phrased 242 35
   state of phrased 243 35
Straight strokes    
   circles joined to (see Circles)    
   s joined to (see S)    
Sub- (see S)    
Suffixes,    
   -burg, -ville, -field, -port, -ford, -ington, -ingham,
       -ton, -town, in proper names
241 35
   -ful, -ify, -self, -selves, -age, -ture 170 21
       baggage distinguished from package 170 21
   -ical, -tic, -tical, -tically, -lity, -ulate, -ulation,
       -bility, -city, -logy, -logical, -rity, -fication,
       -ograph-y, -egraph-y, -gram, -grim, -hood,
       -ward, -ship, -mental, -mity, -nity, -stic
230 32
   -ingly, -ings 106 12
   -less, expressed by l 183 23
   -ly, -ily, -ally, expressed by circle and loop 80 9
       after final circle 82 9
       after final i 116 13
   -ment; -ble; -ple (only in words given) 127 15
   -scribe, -scription, -cient, -tient, -ciency, -pose,
       -position, -pute, -putation, -ure, -ture, -ual,
       -tual, -spect, -spection, -quire, -pire, -nsive,
       -gency, -sure, -jure, -flect, -flection, -sult,
       -nment
227 31
   -sume, expressed by sm 126 15
   -tain expressed by blend 155 19
   -tern, -dern 166 20
   -ther expressed th 168 20
   -thing expressed by dot 54 5
   -tion expressed by sh 58 6
       -tition, etc., vowel omitted 199 26
   -ward joined 230 32
   -worth and -worthy 167 20
T
   
T (see Insertion, consonants; Omission, consonants)    
Th 2 1
   as only consonant stroke or with s only 79 9
   expressed by curved t 22 2
   joined to o, r, l 78 9
   reversed before straight line in ther, thir 164 20
   -ther expressed by 168 20
   -worth expressed by ŭth 167 20
   -worthy expressed by thĭ 167 20
Thousand, expressed by th 204 27
Tr principle 209 28
U
   
Us 93 10
V
   
Vowels,    
   a group 7 1
   consecutive, not forming diphthongs 118 14
   diphthongs,    
       i,    
           and final ly 116 13
           expressed by large circle 114
121
13
14
           with any following vowel 119 14
       ū, ow, oi, ī 112 13
   e group 7 1
   ēa 120 14
   ĭa 120 14
   insertion of (see Insertion of)    
   marking 8 1
   O group (see also Hooks) 65 7
   omission of (see Omission)    
   U group (see also Hooks) 91 10
   w,    
       a before w or h 100 11
       expressed by u hook 97 11
       sw and a circle 99 11
       wh, h sounded first in 98 11
       within words 99 11
   y,    
       small circle 104 12
       ya, large loop 104 12
       ye, small loop 104 12
W
   
W (see vowels)    
Weights and measures (see Figures)    
Wordsigns (see Brief forms)    
Writing motion 9
10
34
46
1
1
4
5
Writing practice (see final page of each chapter)    
Y
   
Y (see Vowels)    
Yours truly, etc. 24
44
142
2
4
7

- Chart of Brief Forms -

Preface
About Gregg Shorthand
Editor's Note
A Talk with the Beginner
The Alphabet
Chapter I
   Unit 1
   Unit 2
   Unit 3
Chapter II
   Unit 4
   Unit 5
   Unit 6
Chapter III
   Unit 7
   Unit 8
   Unit 9
Chapter IV
   Unit 10
   Unit 11
   Unit 12
Chapter V
   Unit 13
   Unit 14
   Unit 15
Chapter VI
   Unit 16
   Unit 17
   Unit 18
Chapter VII
   Unit 19
   Unit 20
   Unit 21
Chapter VIII
   Unit 22
   Unit 23
   Unit 24
Chapter IX
   Unit 25
   Unit 26
   Unit 27
Chapter X
   Unit 28
   Unit 29
   Unit 30
Chapter XI
   Unit 31
   Unit 32
   Unit 33
Chapter XII
   Unit 34
   Unit 35
   Unit 36

Index

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