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Andrew Owen

Unit 8

Method of Expressing R

     71.  The circle is written with left motion to express r following the vowel:

     1. Before and after straight strokes:

art, mar, arch, share

     2. Between straight strokes in the same direction:

tart, dared, church, murmur

     72.  It is generally more facile to use the circle for the obscure vowel sound heard in ur as in church, murmur, urge, hurt.

73.  Frequent-Word Drill

heart, urge, better, etc.

S Following a Left-Motion Circle

     74.  The letter s is added to a final left-motion circle on straight strokes by changing the circle to a loop:

plurals of final reversed circles

75.  Brief Forms for Common Words

Brief forms

     76.  After abbreviated words and words ending in a left-motion circle on straight strokes, a disjoined r expresses er, or, thus:

keeper, dearer, worker

     When the forms are distinctive, the r is joined, thus:

greater, bigger, smaller

     When a brief form ends with the last consonant of a word, the left motion circle is used to express or and er after straight strokes:

sooner, former

77.  Reading and Dictation Practice

Reading and Dictation Practice

Transcription Key to this Unit
- Next Unit -

Preface
About Gregg Shorthand
Editor's Note
A Talk with the Beginner
The Alphabet
Chapter I
   Unit 1
   Unit 2
   Unit 3
Chapter II
   Unit 4
   Unit 5
   Unit 6
Chapter III
   Unit 7
   Unit 8
   Unit 9
Chapter IV
   Unit 10
   Unit 11
   Unit 12
Chapter V
   Unit 13
   Unit 14
   Unit 15
Chapter VI
   Unit 16
   Unit 17
   Unit 18
Chapter VII
   Unit 19
   Unit 20
   Unit 21
Chapter VIII
   Unit 22
   Unit 23
   Unit 24
Chapter IX
   Unit 25
   Unit 26
   Unit 27
Chapter X
   Unit 28
   Unit 29
   Unit 30
Chapter XI
   Unit 31
   Unit 32
   Unit 33
Chapter XII
   Unit 34
   Unit 35
   Unit 36

Index

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