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Andrew Owen

CHAPTER IX

Unit 25

The Abbreviating Principle

     192.  The application of the abbreviating principle discussed in Chapter I, paragraph 23, many illustrations of which previously have been given, is more or less flexible and depends to a large extent upon the familiarity of the writer with the words and subject matter in the dictation.  Note how the principle is applied in the following illustration:

Example of the use of the abbreviating principle

     The abbreviating principle is not employed when advantage may be taken of analogical or definite word-building rules, and it should not be employed when easily written word forms are possible without it: When in doubt write it out.

     193. Short Words.  In a small but useful group of common words—many illustrations of which have been given throughout this manual in "Brief Forms for Common Words"—the form stops with a diphthong or a strongly accented vowel:

Short words, whose endings are removed

     194. Long Words.  An analysis of hundreds of words shows that the abbreviations of long words falls into three classes, from which the following rules have been established:

     195.  If there is a longhand abbreviation, it is generally used, if it furnishes a distinctive outline, as in the words amount (amt.), April (Apr.), balance (bal.), memorandum (memo.):

Standard English abbreviations

     *Memoranda is written mema; street is written st only with a street name, otherwise it is str.

     196.  Write through the accented syllable if the outline is distinctive. Illustrations: abbrev for abbreviate, lang for language, elab for elaborate, etc.:

Examples of writing through the accented syllable

197.  Reading and Dictation Practice

Reading and Dictation Practice

Transcription Key to this Unit
- Next Unit -

Preface
About Gregg Shorthand
Editor's Note
A Talk with the Beginner
The Alphabet
Chapter I
   Unit 1
   Unit 2
   Unit 3
Chapter II
   Unit 4
   Unit 5
   Unit 6
Chapter III
   Unit 7
   Unit 8
   Unit 9
Chapter IV
   Unit 10
   Unit 11
   Unit 12
Chapter V
   Unit 13
   Unit 14
   Unit 15
Chapter VI
   Unit 16
   Unit 17
   Unit 18
Chapter VII
   Unit 19
   Unit 20
   Unit 21
Chapter VIII
   Unit 22
   Unit 23
   Unit 24
Chapter IX
   Unit 25
   Unit 26
   Unit 27
Chapter X
   Unit 28
   Unit 29
   Unit 30
Chapter XI
   Unit 31
   Unit 32
   Unit 33
Chapter XII
   Unit 34
   Unit 35
   Unit 36

Index

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